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Pharmacology Exam 1 Drugs

833 played - 9 yrs ago
Anti-infectives, Antitubercular, Antivirals, and Antifungals
 
QUIZ 30 QUESTIONS
40%
1

A broad spectrum inhibitor of protein synthesis, this drug is used to treat meningitis, rickettsial infections, brain abscesses, or bacterial septicemia :

2

Serious adverse effects include QT elongation, pseudomembranous colitis, ventricular tachycardia, and hepatotoxicity :

3

This drug should have 1 L of Normal Saline infused on the day that it is administered to help decrease the risk of renal damage :

4

This medicine is used for TB prophylaxis and should not be taken as a double dose if a dosing is missed :

5

Used as prophylaxis for patients that have GI or GU surgery and may decrease vitamin K absorption :

6

Patient should be educated to avoid alcohol while taking this medication to avoid a disulfuram reaction (nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, flushing, palpitations, diaphoresis, etc. ) Include hidden OTC alcohol sources :

7

Administer 3-4 hours apart from cholestyramine or colestipole to avoid a drug-drug interaction :

8

Used to treat candidiasis, this drug may create Steven-Johnson Syndrome or Alopecia as adverse reactions :

9

This drug interferes with the action of tetracycline, may increase the effects of anticoagulants, and decreases the efficacy of birth control :

10

Black box warning : Pseudomembrane colitis : May range from mild to life-threatening :

11

Rapid infusion can cause EKG changes, hypotension, and cardiac arrest. Also, might have a serious side effect of exfoliative dermatitis :

12

Can cause discoloration of body fluids, GI disturbances, and hepatotoxicity :

13

Used to treat typhus, rocky mountain spotted fever, gonorrhea, and syphilis when patients are allergic to Penicillin :

14

Education the patient on significant adverse effects related to renal dysfunction : dark urine, lighter stools, edema/swelling, and increased weight disproportionate to food intake :

15

Manages the symptoms of herpes simplex, herpes zoster, Epstein-Barr, and cytomegalovirus :

16

Black box warning : Serious & fatal blood dyscrasias including aplastic anemia, hypoplastic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and granulocytopenia may occur :

17

This is used to treat septicemia, Klebsiella infections, infections of the skin, soft tissue, bones, and respiratory tract :

18

Take 2 weeks before and 4-6 weeks after travelling to an area with endemic Malaria :

19

Pregnancy category D, may cause discoloration of teeth, and photosensitivity :

20

Use caution in patients who are pregnant, lactating, have impaired hearing, biliary or GI diease, or cardiac arrhythmias. Avoid grapefruit and its juice :

21

Administer with food to minimize adverse effects. Half-life is 3 hours, so dosage adjustment is only necessary when patients have renal and hepatic disease :

22

To maximize therapeutic effectiveness, administer 2 hours pre or post penicillin IV piggy back if ordered :

23

Most widely used antibiotic, this should be given between meals if it can be tolerated. Also, monitor I/Os for signs of kidney dysfunction :

24

Pyrodoxine (Vitamin B6) is often given in addition to this drug to prevent peripheral neuritis.

25

Patient should swish and swallow with Nystatin to fight thrush while taking this drug :

26

Very nephrotoxic, this drug is administered over 2-4 hours and requires monitoring of serum potassium levels :

27

May cause "gray baby" syndrome. Patients should be monitored for anemia and weakened immune systems :

28

NOT an anti-infective :

29

Black box warning : Neurotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity, and neuromuscular blockade :

30

First generation cephalosporin and beta-lactam antibiotic :


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